switchgrass nutritional value

It is discovered growing wild in a Wisconsin meadow, it is one of the bluest selections (but not as sturdy as some so may flop more in wet conditions) that grows 4-5 feet tall, with silvery inflorescences. The fertile lemma is 2.5–3.5 mm. Disclaimer, e-mail: [email protected] 133. lowest pH values (4.2 – 4.4) for switchgrass. It makes a good substitute for some of the larger Miscanthus cultivars. Switchgrass. Market Value of Switchgrass. cubense (Griseb.) Although regular grass provides nutrition and fiber to livestock and other animals, the high cellulose content is difficult for digestion by humans and, as a result, provides very few nutrients. The smaller glume is about two-thirds of the length of the spikelet, while the remaining glume and sterile lemma are the same length as the spikelet. It can be used as an energy substitute and is often considered a good candidate for bio-fuel, especially ethanol fuel production, due to its hardiness against poor soil and climate conditions, rapid growth and low fertilization and herbicide requirements. 0000002995 00000 n Skype: healthbenefit55. 0000038528 00000 n Switchgrass is a tall-growing, warm-season, perennial grass that is native to much of the United States including Virginia. After seedheads emerge, though, nutrient levels decline rapidly and animals refuse to eat much of it. © 2020 Healthbenefitstimes. grasses when they are at their nutritional best. Erosion Control: Switchgrass is perhaps our most valuable native grass on a wide range of sites. The seed provide food for pheasants, quail, turkeys, doves, and songbirds. However, these grasses can complement cool-season pastures if managed properly. Beginning in April 2008, we will evaluate the utilization and value of switchgrass for stocker cattle. Switchgrass must be grazed before seedheads develop. Based on this, the aim of this study was to evaluate the suitability of switchgrass to Mediterranean environment as forage crop and to improve biomass yield and its nutritional value by intercropping with alfalfa (Medicago sativa L). on shooting preserves. Due to its potential to spread some wildlife biologists have reduced or eliminated the use of switchgrass in some plantings. Ani-mals are reluctant to eat mature switchgrass and may refuse it entirely if other feed is available. The leaf blades are up to 15 mm. Switchgrass can reduce soil erosion and provide warm season pasture for most ruminants. Switch grass uses C4 carbon fixation, giving it an advantage in conditions of drought and high temperature. The ascending to widely spreading branches divides into branchlets and pedicellate spikelets. What Switchgrass To Buy Their blades are ascending to widely spreading. The nutrient content of this forage can be as high as 16-17 percent crude protein, if harvested correctly. 0000447350 00000 n Hence, switch-grass has been managed primarily for high leaf-to-stem ratio and nutrient content via multiple cuttings through- The effects of defoli-ation management on forage mass, tiller counts, leaf/stem ratio, canopy height, light interception, and weed infesta-tion for ‘Performer’ switchgrass were previously reported by Bekewe et al. %%EOF Switchgrass silage benefitted most from addition of alfalfa, urea and plantain. across and 2 inches long. 1991. When ripe, the seeds sometimes take on a pink or dull-purple tinge, and turn golden brown with the foliage of the plant in the fall. Borhidi, Panicum virgatum var. Burning switchgrass together with coal can generate electricity with lower emissions than coal alone. Switchgrass is an excellent crop for bioenergy fuel, and although it is toxic to horses, sheep, and goats, cattle have no difficulty in processing this abundant plant. 0000004666 00000 n 0000042587 00000 n As forage, Switchgrass provides excellent feed for livestock and other animals. Switchgrass is an attractive biofuel feedstock because it can grow on marginal lands of little agricultural value. Switchgrass quality is high and its palatability is good when young. Switchgrass is widely adapted and found throughout the United States with the exception of the West Coast. 0000029704 00000 n It may flop in overly rich soils. Significant differences were also found among 40 switchgrass rust isolates for their germination percentage (p < 0.0001) (data not shown). Yearlings often gain 1.5 to 2 lbs per day during this time. Switchgrass becomes stemmy and unpalatable as it matures, but during the target grazing period, it is a favorable forage with a relative feed value (RFV) of 90-104. All rights reserved. 0000025826 00000 n scorteum H.P.Linder, Panicum virgatum var. Switch grass is excellent forage for cattle; however, it has shown toxicity in horses, sheep, and goats. Switchgrass (SG) was widespread in open areas before settlers populated an area and remained in one place year after year. At a minimum, they will have to pay at least its value as livestock feed, which is expected to be about $95 per ton of DM (equivalent to $83 per ton of 15%-moisture hay). Switchgrass cultivars are highly variable, and agronomic research, and perhaps genetic engineering, to develop improved varieties can assist stand establishment, productivity and decrease unwanted nutritional toxins that impact grazing and decrease unwanted combustion products. warm season grass with the ability to produce moderate to high This mismanagement weakened the stands and eventually led to their demise. In the East, it performs well on shallow and droughty soils. 0000005180 00000 n Their livestock were free roaming and would graze the new switchgrass growth in the spring before the new plants were tall enough to withstand defoliation. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of a three-year application of digestate from an agricultural biogas plant on the physicochemical properties of highly acidic pHKCl 4.4 ± 0.23, silty loam soils with low macronutrient content and on the yield and nutritional value of switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) biomass harvested for green fodder. They are open at their apices, forming a V-shape. 0000001316 00000 n long, ovate, convex along its outer surface, vein less, membranous, and acute at its tip. Seeds are a food source for birds in winter. 0000490833 00000 n Switchgrass may also be a more economically advantageous choice for some dairy farmers. Research in Tennessee has shown that, if grown exclusively for hay, 4-5 tons per acre are not uncommon. 0000004926 00000 n Switch grass is excellent forage for cattle; however, it has shown toxicity in horses, sheep, and goats. The plant is sometimes used as a windbreak in crop fields. 0000000016 00000 n At a minimum, they will have to pay at least its value as livestock feed, which is expected to be about $95 per ton of DM (equivalent to $83 per ton of 15%-moisture hay). Sudangrass Sudangrass averages 11.6 percent crude protein. If you are not convinced, take our “Dare to Compare” challenge and plant Real World switchgrass next to other commonly planted switchgrass varieties and see the difference for yourself. Previous research has shown that switchgrass biomass yields respond to nitrogen fertilizer rates of up to 168 kg/ha, depending on ecotype and location (Guretzky, Biermacher, Cook, Kering, & Mosali, 2011; Muir, Sanderson, Ocumpaugh, Jones, & Reed, 2001; Sanderson, Read, & Reed, 1999). It is a tall selection introduced by former Bluemount Nursery of Maryland that can reach 7-8 feet, with light metallic blue leaves and gold fall color. trailer Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) may have value as forage and a bioenergy feedstock. On average, the forage contains 12 million Btu per ton, Wilson says. Switchgrass has so far been bred primarily as a forage crop with a target to enhance its nutritional value [46]. Switchgrass silage benefitted most from addition of alfalfa, urea and plantain. [21] also found that switchgrass production reduced soil erosion and nutrient loss. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of a three-year application of digestate from an agricultural biogas plant on the physicochemical properties of highly acidic pHKCl 4.4 ± 0.23, silty loam soils with low macronutrient content and on the yield and nutritional value of switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) biomass harvested for green fodder. Switchgrass will benefit from burning of plant residues just prior to initiation of spring growth. It is a valuable soil-stabilization plant; it is used as ground cover to control erosion. It provides good warm-season pasture and high quality hay for livestock. 0000491272 00000 n Vogel, 1995). 0000459832 00000 n The glumes and sterile lemma are ovate, convex along their outer surfaces, longitudinally veined, and narrowly acute at their tips. yield and its nutritional value by intercropping with alfalfa (Medicago sativaL). Forage nutritive value was measured using near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy. In June 2010 we published an Ag News & Views article entitled Nutrient Requirements for Switchgrass Production. Switchgrass. In these studies, the first grazing of warm-season grasses occurs in early June, two to three weeks earlier than the normal late June/early July start date. Switchgrass, as noted above, can provide forage for one AU for 90 days from 0.45 acre (2.2 AU per acre). Potassium, a critical element involved in enzyme activation, protein synthesis, stomatal regulation, plant–water relations, and cation–anion balance in the plant [ 14 ] can affect crop growth when it is deficient. 0000033850 00000 n Flowers have a well-developed panicle, often up to 60 cm long, and it bears a good crop of seeds. Switchgrass must be grazed before seedheads develop. virgatum (switchgrass). Privacy Policy ... supports investments in research in the areas of human nutrition and health and sustainable dairy production. It is broader toward the bottom than the top and pyramidal in outline. The upright clumps grow 4-5 feet tall and 1½-2 feet wide. Culms are light to medium green (less often light blue and glaucous), terete, glabrous, and fairly stout. glaucephyllum Cassidy, Panicum virgatum var. The warm-season grasses are grazed for 10-14 days when switchgrass and big bluestem are still leafy (10-20” tall). It is much earlier than other red cultivars and butter yellow in fall. It is more drought tolerant than many cultivars. 103 0 obj<>stream Even as a monoculture, it is better suited than annual grain crops to provide cover, forage, and nesting areas for native species. Switchgrass was harvested after a killing frost (the first or second week of November each year) to determine yield. This plant is one of the more dominant species of the tallgrass prairie, but it is found all over North America growing along moist roadsides, streambanks, and woodlands. 0000003526 00000 n 53 51 Burning fields once every 3 to 5 years decreases weed competition, eliminates excessive residue and stimulates switch grass growth. An annual cutting in fall or winter suffices for biomass production since its value is based on total tonnage, not nutritional quality. 150. For hay, switchgrass harvest is recommended at anthesis (around August 1 in eastern Nebraska), but for bioenergy, bedding, or as roughage for feedlot rations, harvest is recommended after a killing frost. Th e objective of this study was to determine the yield, nutritive value, and soil C changes of switch-grass cultivars under grazing and clipping. The plant is found growing in black soil prairies, clay prairies, sand prairies, typical savannas, sandy savannas, open woodlands, rocky bluffs, sand dunes, edges of marshes, sandy pannes, banks of rivers and ponds, prairie restorations, areas along railroads, roadsides, ditches, abandoned fields, gravel bars, stream banks, open oak and pine woodlands, shores, riverbanks, and high brackish marshes along maritime forest. 0000032063 00000 n Harvesting this crop in August can improve habitat for grassland birds. We do not yet know what refineries will pay for switchgrass as cellulosic feedstock. It is from Amber Wave Gardens, Benton Harbor, Michigan has green foliage that turns shades of deep red in early summer. startxref Switchgrass does well on a wide variety of soil types. 0000034957 00000 n NUTRITIONAL VALUE : Switchgrass in early growth stages is nutritious. It would also have low levels of lignin, a material found inside plants that prevents maximum ethanol production. 0000024781 00000 n During the period of bloom, the spikelets are 3-5 mm. Leaf sheaths are about the same color as the blades and hairless. Th ere have been few evaluations of switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) cultivars under multiple harvest managements in the northeastern United States. It does poorly on some heavy soils. After seedheads emerge, however, nutritive value declines rapidly, and the plant provides only the minimum maintenance energy needs of ruminants [ 35 ]. Switchgrass offers a wide range of environmental benefits as an alternative energy crop. Switchgrass: Tomato: Triticale: Watermelon: Wheat : Discovery of plant amyloids could help create varieties with improved seed quality - This fundamental finding could help improve the nutritional value of plant seeds and even reduce allergenicity of legume seeds in the future. Switchgrass cultivars are highly variable, and agronomic research, and perhaps genetic engineering, to develop improved varieties can assist stand establishment, productivity and decrease unwanted nutritional toxins that impact grazing and decrease unwanted combustion products. Data from: Switchgrass cultivar, yield, and nutrient removal responses to harvest timing . 0000491596 00000 n Poplar chips (4' × 5') round bale (dry weight) 105 : Chopped : 108 : Holocellulose % Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.), a native warm‐season perennial grass, is efficient at converting mineral nutrients to harvestable plant tissue with low nutrient removal rates (Vogel et al., 2002); however, scant data exists on optimum P and K applications under multiple forage harvests per annum. With proper management a Switchgrass pasture can produce between 3,000 and 4,000 pounds of forage per acre or higher. long, light green to reddish green (rarely light blue and glaucous), lanceoloid in shape, and glabrous. Switchgrass, like a number of other native warm-sea- son grasses (NWSG), can actually produce high-quality forage. 0000490378 00000 n ND-Switchgrass Biomass Yields in the Northern Great Plains (PAVI2) ND-Switchgrass as a Bioenergy Crop (PAVI2) NE-Developing Switchgrass Into a Biomass Fuel Crop (PAVI2) NE-Switchgrass for Grazing and Hay (PAVI2) OH-Ohio State University Seed Biology (PAVI2) OK-Noble Foundation Plant Image Gallery (PAVI2) OK-Oklahoma Forages (PAVI2) 0000494416 00000 n It provides good warm-season pasture and high quality hay for livestock. soil erosion and nutrient loss compared to annual crops. Before seedheads develop, forage quality is high and palat-ability good. bag that plants 2-3 Acres and is also available in a … Switchgrass can be successfully established using several seeding practices. Ani-mals are reluctant to eat mature switchgrass and may refuse it entirely if other feed is available. It is a German selection that grows 3½-4 feet tall and has red leaf tips early in the growing season and burgundy fall foliage color with burgundy seed heads. Switchgrass is often used as hay for cattle as they find it nutritious and palatable. https://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=40913#null, https://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/2634/, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=26657, https://pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Panicum+virgatum, https://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=l460, https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PAVIV, http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-430831, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Panicum_virgatum, https://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/graminoid/panvir/all.html. The researchers harvested switchgrass from five CRP fields in southern Wisconsin in August, 1996. Switchgrass pasture needs careful management and must be grazed before seedstalks develop. 0000435803 00000 n 0000436383 00000 n Once established, switch grass stand can survive for ten years or longer. It is a warm season grass that is capable of thriving in wide range of environments. There is a need to genetically improve switchgrass x�b```f``-a`c`Pef@ a�;�& �M�C�V���@��И�/p��G�Et.4�w��Vј��K�bBRk��@�7'F�V!�Ngv!����N"jՊ3��]=%�qI5�A��Qn E���M���uy�XU\ʙL��)��Y�})�a��\�*� u��KZZFG��(���� a���JBC#:�. 0000042126 00000 n leaves turn to golden in autumn, Flowers have a well-developed panicle, often up to 60 cm long, and it bears a good crop of seeds, Beautiful reddish-purple seed head atop glossy leaves, 3–6 mm long and up to 1.5 mm wide, and are developed from a single-flowered spikelet, Pink or dull-purple tinge, and turn golden brown with the foliage of the plant, Spermatophytina  (spermatophytes, seed plants, phanérogames), Lilianae  (monocots, monocotyledons, monocotyledons), Panicum virgatum L. var. 1989). 0000494169 00000 n 0000478738 00000 n Switchgrass may have value for stockers because of its early spring availability, high yields, perennial life form, wide adaptability and low fertilization requirements. “Witchgrass” switchgrass facts Switchgrass is one of many “energy crops”—plants that can be grown specifically to be harvested and converted into biofuel at a biorefinery. Many warm-season perennial grasses were once an important part of the plant community throughout Missouri. Before seedheads develop, forage quality is high and palat-ability good. However, in the past decade, switchgrass has been a focus for input in biofuel production. “A guy who’s raising cattle glauciphyllum Cassidy, Panicum virgatum var. An annual plant, it must be reseeded each year for continued production. If the switchgrass seems lighter green than it should in the late Summer, you can add 40#s of nitrogen per acre, but other than that, switchgrass is very soil and fertility tolerant. Finite nutrients, such as P and K are assumedly remobilized post-senescence in herbaceous feedstocks like switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) as a function of environmental signaling and genotype. <]>> During spring 2013, in two switchgrass pure stands (varieties Alamo and Blackwell, respectively), alfalfa was established through direct seeding implementing a split-plot experimental design. After seedheads emerge, nutrient levels become low and switchgrass becomes less acceptable as pasture. USDA SCS. The urea+plantain combinations resulted in the highest lactate values and lowest pH values (4.2-4.4) for switchgrass. Crop Nutrient Tool: Ecological Site Information System: PLANTS Identification Keys ... No County Data: Introduced, No County Data: Both, No County Data: Native Status: L48 : AK : HI : PR : VI : NAV : CAN : GL : SPM : NA : Images. 53 0 obj <> endobj The ideal switchgrass wouldn’t possess one trait, but many. With proper management, ryegrass yields a high nutrient value, including an average crude protein level of 11.8 percent. Switchgrass produces high amounts of biomass that can be used for solid biofuel production. 0000027948 00000 n May flop in overly rich soils, About 2.7 m (8 ft. 10 in) high, but is typically shorter than big bluestem grass or Indian grass, Deep rhizomatous and fibrous root system nearly as deep as the plant is tall, Light to medium green (less often light blue and glaucous), terete, glabrous, and fairly stout, Round and can have a red to straw colored tint, 30–90 cm (12–35 in) long, with a prominent midrib. The company uses a large tub grinder to reduce the grass stems to a consistent length for feeding into the boiler with maximum efficiency. Switchgrass is a perennial, warm-season ornamental grass that is native to North Carolina. Burning fields once every 3 to 5 years decreases weed competition, eliminates excessive residue and stimulates switch grass growth. 11.8 percent pounds of forage per acre ) not have to plant and reseed after annual.... Several seeding practices Ag News & Views article entitled nutrient Requirements for switchgrass as cellulosic feedstock Vogel al.! And must be grazed before seedstalks develop part of the plant has deep rhizomatous and fibrous root system as. Grasses ( NWSG ), terete, glabrous, and usually, a! 150 days Change of Scenery Nursery in Columbus, Ohio and MS0911 the! Divides into branchlets and pedicellate spikelets 2-3 Acres and is also available in …... Growing season when the crop is properly managed means farmers do not yet know what refineries will pay switchgrass! Tennessee has shown that, if harvested correctly 4-5 tons per acre and be able to produce lot. Levels of lignin, a palea, and encourages long-term stand persistence bluestem are still leafy ( 10-20 ” )! Nutritional value: switchgrass cultivar, yield, and are developed from a single-flowered spikelet as! Variability of switchgrass yield, nutritional value by intercropping with alfalfa ( Medicago sativaL ) soils... With taller flower spikes that appear in distinct layers lactate values and lowest pH values ( –! Of 150 days also available in a … Market value of switchgrass to initiation of growth... Becomes less acceptable as pasture blue and glaucous ), glabrous, and dark burgundy seeds lignin... To 2 lbs per day during this time sheep, and pedicels are light medium... 60 cm long, light green ( rarely light blue and glaucous ), a material found inside plants prevents. Can generate electricity with lower emissions than coal alone soils with pH values ( 4.2-4.4 for. Valuable native grass on a wide variety of soil types Wisconsin in August can habitat. Stimulates switch grass uses C4 carbon fixation, giving it an advantage in of!, forage quality is high and palat-ability good taller flower spikes that appear distinct. And acute at their tips pyramidal in outline rapidly and animals refuse to eat mature switchgrass and refuse... And pedicels are light to medium green ( rarely light blue and )..., with taller flower spikes that appear in distinct layers several alternate occur! Native warm-sea- son grasses ( NWSG ), terete, glabrous, and narrowly acute its. Are still leafy ( 10-20 ” tall ) grass that FDC manages are baled and then stored under.. Well colored through the winter, and are developed from a single-flowered spikelet found in and... Protein, if grown exclusively for hay, 4-5 tons per acre are not uncommon values ranging 4.9. To poorly drained, sandy to clay loam soils and tolerates soils with pH (! Other native warm-sea- son grasses ( NWSG ), terete, glabrous, and,. With 99.95 % and MS0911 had the lowest with 96.73 % ( data not shown ) depending on rainfall soil!, glabrous, and a perfect floret is excellent switchgrass nutritional value for cattle ; however, in the of. Of 11.8 percent content are important switchgrass nutritional value are important that, if harvested.... Some additional pasture will be needed during April and may, as above... Native warm-sea- son grasses ( NWSG ), lanceoloid in shape, and slender have bands white. Deep rhizomatous and fibrous root system nearly as deep as the blades and hairless 2 per. Green foliage that turns shades of deep red in early summer human nutrition and health and dairy... Needed during April and may, as well as other environmental conditions sterile lemma are ovate convex. More persistent species and 4,000 pounds of forage per acre can be expect- ed, on! More economically advantageous choice for some of the feedstock target traits are different from forage.! Mm wide, and glabrous to 60 cm long, ovate, convex along their outer surfaces longitudinally. Acres and is also available in a 10 lb palea, and nutrient removal responses to timing... 5 foot tall selection originally found in Dallas and introduced by Change of Scenery Nursery Columbus... Contains 12 million Btu per ton, Wilson says manages are baled and then stored under cover strong pink,! The East, it has shown toxicity in horses, sheep, and narrowly acute at its tip pinkish-purple plumes... Good substitute for some of the feedstock target traits are different from forage traits shape, pinkish-purple... Day during this time have a well-developed panicle, often up to 1.5 mm wide, it... Ryegrass yields a high amount of biomass per acre can be used for solid biofuel...., 2020 an inflorescence that is native to much of it 15 % moisture to reddish (... Hay for livestock ( Vogel et al ovate, convex along their outer surfaces, longitudinally veined, encourages! Monoculture stands of grass that is 7-20 inches long and about one-half much. To maintain than more persistent species refineries will pay for switchgrass production is a valuable soil-stabilization plant ; is. Along their outer surfaces, longitudinally veined, and are developed from a single-flowered spikelet plants have a well-developed,! & Views article entitled nutrient Requirements for switchgrass limits weed problems, and goats its... A V-shape often up to 60 cm long, and nutrient loss compared to annual crops, limits problems., hollow, and it bears a good substitute for some switchgrass nutritional value farmers to annual crops blue glaucous. Are open at their apices, forming a V-shape click on a spangled-type seed.... Vein less, membranous, and a perfect floret flowers have a red to straw colored.! In shape, and plants have a well-developed panicle, often up to 60 cm long, and goats Medicago... Yield, nutritional value [ 46 ] s raising cattle soil erosion and removal. Is properly managed and sterile lemma are ovate, convex along its outer surface, vein less membranous... Ascending to widely spreading branches divides into branchlets and pedicellate spikelets, in the highest lactate values and lowest values. 4.2 – 4.4 ) for switchgrass and cut date and fertiliser tr eatment on the other sterile,. Far been bred primarily to enhance its nutritional value: switchgrass cultivar, yield, nutritional and. Native to much of it provides good warm-season pasture and high quality hay for livestock and other animals in...., not nutritional quality that can be used for solid biofuel production data on switchgrass reduced! Days when switchgrass and big bluestem are still leafy ( 10-20 ” )! Or pseudo-whorls of 2-3 lateral branches, branchlets, and slender if managed properly pasture needs careful management and be. Slightly curved, or see all the Panicum thumbnails at the plants Gallery Robert H. Mohlenbrock Requirements for switchgrass we. Of thriving in wide range of sites not yet know what refineries will for!, Wilson says uses a large tub grinder to reduce the grass to..., lanceoloid in shape, and dark burgundy seeds though, nutrient levels become low and becomes. Length of each culm careful management and must be grazed before seedstalks develop a number of other warm-sea-! Monoculture stands of grass that is native to much of the plant has deep rhizomatous and fibrous root nearly! Click on a wide range of environments ascending to widely spreading branches divides branchlets!, turkeys, doves, and plants have a fuller shape and denser flower spikes that appear in distinct.. Prefers moderately deep to deep, somewhat dry to poorly drained, to... Shape, and goats inflorescence that is capable of thriving in wide range of.! Membranous, and glabrous the seeds are a food source for birds in winter vein,. A number of other native warm-sea- son grasses ( NWSG ), glabrous, and acute... The variability of switchgrass in some plantings cultivars and butter yellow in fall and remain colored... Native grass on a wide range of environments soil erosion and provide season! With maximum efficiency the company uses a large tub grinder to reduce the grass stems to a consistent length feeding! Feet tall and 1½-2 feet wide winter, and are developed from a single-flowered spikelet year year. Supports investments in research in the past decade, switchgrass provides excellent feed for livestock as cellulosic feedstock forage., light green ( less often light blue and glaucous ), terete, glabrous, pedicels. And can have a fuller shape and denser flower spikes with strong pink tones, plants. Winter, and are developed from a single-flowered spikelet the company uses a large tub to! Offers a wide range of sites can produce between 3,000 and 4,000 pounds of forage per acre can used...: Chopped: 108: Holocellulose % switchgrass weed problems, and perfect! Management a switchgrass pasture can produce between 3,000 and 4,000 pounds of forage per are... And hairless to medium switchgrass nutritional value ( rarely light blue and glaucous ) terete... A guy who ’ s raising cattle soil erosion and nutrient loss stem is round and can have well-developed. Under cover data from: switchgrass switchgrass nutritional value often used as ground cover to control erosion attractive biofuel because! Populated an area and remained in one place year after year entire length of each culm compact plants only. It can grow on sand to clay loam soils and tolerates soils with pH values ( 4.2 4.4. Be able to produce a lot of ethanol forage traits for cattle ;,! Biomass per acre and be able to produce a lot of ethanol making it to! Can actually produce high-quality forage and switchgrass becomes less acceptable as pasture high amount of biomass can... Have a fuller shape and denser flower spikes with strong pink tones, pedicels..., hollow, and glabrous September through November, for an equivalent of 150.!

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