Like many common U.S. turf grasses, this versatile, widely used grass is native to Europe and northern Asia. Kentucky bluegrass's nitrogen requirements and low summer production make it ideal for seeding with a legume such as white clover at 4 pounds per acre, red clover at 6 pounds per acre, or birdsfoot trefoil at 8 pounds per acre. Poa pratensis, commonly known as Kentucky bluegrass (or blue grass), smooth meadow-grass, or common meadow-grass, is a perennial species of grass native to practically all of Europe, North Asia and the mountains of Algeria and Morocco. The waving branches bear spikelets on their ends. Most varieties of Kentucky bluegrass have been developed for use in lawns. summer, which decreases its forage value (Hockensmith et al. Kentucky Bluegrass, Poa pratensis L. Tom Cook Oregon State University Introduction: Kentucky bluegrass has long been the most important cool season grass planted as turf. In addition, grazing days per year and animal gains per acre are generally less on Kentucky bluegrass than on other cool-season, tall-growing grasses. Why do we need this? It also puts out rhizomes with amazing rapidity, and can spread through additional shoots known as tillers. It provides excellent nutrition to horses, cattle, and sheep when the weather is cool, although its production is limited when the temperatures rise. It is an important winter forage grass for these animals in the west. By entering your email, you consent to receive communications from Penn State Extension. Find KFC nutrition facts including a full KFC nutrition guide, nutrition calculator, ingredients, and info about food allergies and sensitivities. Managers should use high stocking densities early in the growing season when Kentucky bluegrass is most productive or should harvest excess growth as hay or silage. The slow establishment is primarily a result of slow (approximately 14 days) germination. This ability makes Kentucky bluegrass an ideal species for permanent pastures that are continuously grazed. It has been used for lawns, athletic fields, golf course Higher seeding rates ensure quicker ground cover. An additional application of 120 pounds of nitrogen per acre increased beef production by an additional 39 percent. Because Kentucky bluegrass grows to a shorter height than many other cool-season forage grasses, it is ideally suited for grazing. Late in the fall, the growth slows down and carbohydrates are stored in the abundance of new rhizomes to provide the nutrients needed to start all over again in the spring. Quality and palatability declines when Kentucky bluegrass matures. Calories, carbs, fat, protein, fiber, cholesterol, and more for Kentucky, Bluegrass , regular (Smashburger). 3 FIGURE 1. Plant into either a tilled or a no-till seedbed with adequate fertility and an optimal pH value, no deeper than 1/4 inch. Remember that nitrogen application will increase the grass's competitiveness at the expense of clover and weeds in the stand. Only three forage-type Kentucky bluegrass varieties, 'Park', 'Troy', and 'Ginger', have been released in the past 45 years. Take a good look at the veins of the leaf for an interesting characteristic of Kentucky bluegrassâalong the keel are two oddly transparent veins sometimes compared to racing stripes. For waterfowl and upland game birds, cover value is fair to good, depending upon species. The soil must be well drained and medium in textureâKentucky bluegrass cannot tolerate compacted clay. Greatest success is generally achieved when frost seeding is completed while the soil contains frost. For best results, the soil pH should be between 6 and 7. When not pursuing hobbies ranging from music to cooking to birdwatching, she can usually be found researching, writing, or living out the country dream. Motivated by her experience growing up on a small farm near Wichita, Kansas, Michelle Lindsey started Homestead on the Range to supply Kansas country living enthusiasts with the innovative resources that they need to succeed and has now been keeping families informed and inspired for over five years. Applying nitrogen to Kentucky bluegrass is not recommended if more than 30 percent of the pasture is a legume. Definitions for technical terms used in this post. Palatability/Nutritional Value: Kentucky bluegrass has an average total digestible nutrient (TDN) level of 67% and crude protein level of 12% in the vegetative state. 1992, Alshammary et al Kentucky bluegrass should be planted at 10 to 14 pounds per acre in late summer or early fall when temperatures begin to moderate and rains are more frequent. Salinity: Kentucky bluegrass is sensitive to salinity (Lunt et al. Entering your postal code will help us provide news or event updates for your area. For more information, please read our affiliate disclosure. It provides excellent nutrition to horses, cattle, and sheep when the weather is cool, although its production is limited when the temperatures rise. In addition, nitrogen fertilizer favors the Kentucky bluegrass component of the pasture and may be used to manipulate the clover to grass ratio. All types of fescue have wider blades, thus producing a coarser turf. In addition, the dense sod formed by Kentucky bluegrass rhizomes make it ideal for erosion control, particularly in grass waterways. Calories in Kentucky Fried Chicken based on the calories, fat, protein, carbs and other nutrition information submitted for Kentucky Fried Chicken. It will be most productive in areas of full sunlight, although it can stand some shade if it receives adequate moisture and nutrients. Damage is most severe and recovery slowest during dry years. The blades are flat or folded and feel soft to the touch. If the soil test calls for large amounts of nutrients, they should be applied prior to seeding and incorporated into the seedbed. This is unlikely to be a serious problem in any part of Kansas. Delaying seeding until mid-morning when the soil has become slippery on the surface will result in poorer stand establishment. These effects are particularly damaging to Kentucky bluegrass in a dry summer when it is less able to recover. Prepared by Marvin H. Hall, associate professor of agronomy. Guinea Lynx' HAY CHART All Hay Sun-cured Values in % or Ratio Dry Matter % Crude Protein % Calcium % Phosph. Forage and Grazinglands doi: 10.1094/FGâ2011â1228â01âRS. If the amount of white clover in the pasture is too great, then allowing the pasture to reach a height of 8 to 12 inches will encourage the Kentucky bluegrass to compete better with the white clover. This species is used widely throughout the U.S. where it is well adapted, but it has a poor summer performance in California in areas with warm to hot temperatures. Despite its adaptation to this wide range of locations, bluegrass is actually rather specific in its preferences and will not truly thrive unless its needs are met. It can be Reduce the stocking density later in the grazing season as grass growth slows. In pastures, grazing should begin when grass is about 5 inches tall and should not be grazed shorter than 1-1/2 to 2 inches. Its growth slows during the warm summer months. Want to use it in a meal plan? But there is a â¦ Consequently, tall-growing grasses will thin under abusive management while Kentucky bluegrass volunteers and thickens, providing high-quality forage and protection from soil erosion. Mow whenever the grass reaches three inches tall to bring it back down to a height of two inches (never lower than this, or the plants will be damaged and become more susceptible to disease). Cited by View all 1 citing articles Successful seeding requires good seed-to-soil contact. In a recent study, when soil pH was adjusted to 6.5, 60 pounds per acre of P2O5, and 30 pounds per acre of K2O were applied to a Kentucky bluegrass pasture, yield of total digestible nutrients, carrying capacity, and beef production increased 50 percent over unfertilized pastures. Surface application of the recommended nutrients is equally beneficial if the Kentucky bluegrass is already established. To good, depending upon species to items that we will receive a small compensation grass in. To this trend occur at higher elevations and latitudes where temperatures and rainfall are not limiting and an optimal value. At 7 to 21 days influenced by grazing management many other cool-season forage,... 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